KIEV, Ukraine (CNN) — Interim Ukrainian President Oleksandr Turchynov ordered the withdrawal of armed forces from Crimea Monday, citing Russian threats to the lives of military staff and their families.
Russian troops have seized most of Ukraine’s bases in the peninsula, including a naval base at Feodosia on Monday. Russia annexed Crimea last week after a controversial referendum that Ukraine and the West say was illegal.
“The acting President of Ukraine has given an order to the Ukraine Defense Ministry for the withdrawal of all Ukrainian forces from Crimea,” a spokeswoman for Turchynov told CNN. The soldiers’ families will be evacuated as well.
Earlier, Russian troops stormed and seized the Ukrainian naval base in Feodosia, a port in Crimea, a Ukrainian Defense Ministry spokesman said. Witnesses said several Mi-24 and Mi-8 helicopters were involved in the raid. Between 60 and 80 Ukrainian troops were captured and taken from the base, said Vladislav Seleznev, a Ukrainian Defense Ministry spokesman in Crimea.
Ukrainians had said they would leave the base if they were allowed to take their weapons with them.
Russian forces consolidated their control of the Black Sea peninsula over the weekend.
On Saturday, six Russian special forces armored personnel carriers broke through the gates of Belbek air base, firing warning shots into the air. In separate incidents, pro-Russian self-defense forces stormed the Novofederoskoe military base as well as a Ukrainian ship, the Slavutych.
On a trip to Crimea Monday, Russian Defense Minister Sergey Shoigu appointed Rear Admiral Denis Berezovsky deputy commander of the Russian Black Sea Fleet, Russia’s ITAR-Tass reported. That fleet is based in the Crimean city of Sevastopol, making it strategically important to Moscow.
Shoigu also met with former Ukrainian military personnel, who are now willing to serve in the Russian army, state news agency Ria Novosti reported.
NATO’s top military commander expressed concern Sunday about the buildup of Russian forces on Ukraine’s border.
Supreme Allied Commander Europe Gen. Philip Breedlove said that Russia had a large force on Ukraine’s eastern border and that he was worried it could threaten Moldova’s separatist Transnistria region.
“The (Russian) force that is at the Ukrainian border now to the east is very, very sizable and very, very ready,” said Breedlove, a U.S. Air Force general.
Russia said the presence of its forces complied with international agreements. Moscow annexed Crimea after a snap referendum in the autonomous region last week that produced an overwhelming majority of votes in favor of leaving Ukraine to join Russia.
“Russia is acting much more like an adversary than a partner,” Breedlove said, speaking at an event held in Brussels, Belgium, by the German Marshall Fund think tank.
A senior U.S. defense official told CNN Russia “has enough troops that we believe they could move against Ukraine at any time now.”
The official emphasized that Washington still does not know Russia’s intentions on the border, despite statements by Moscow that the troops are there for exercises. U.S. intelligence also indicates that the Russian forces are positioned to possibly go after three Ukrainian cities: Kharkiv, Luhansk and Donetsk. Russian forces have moved so close to the border, there would be no warning time, and the U.S. would likely only see an incursion as it was happening, the official added.
Claims on Crimea
Ukraine’s new leaders — who took office after months of protests forced President Viktor Yanukovych, a Russian ally, from office — as well as the United States and other Western powers say Crimea is still a part of Ukraine.
Russia insists its actions are legitimate. Crimea had belonged to Russia until 1954, when it was given to Ukraine. The region also has a majority ethnic Russian population and other long historic ties to Russia.
Moscow has doggedly pursued its own course, even as Western leaders have denounced its actions as violations of Ukraine’s sovereignty and a breach of international law.
U.S. President Barack Obama arrived in The Netherlands Monday for a meeting of the G7, which is considering a collective response to the crisis during talks in The Hague. The G7 leaders are meeting on the sidelines of a long-planned summit on global threats to nuclear security.
“Europe and America are united in our support of the Ukrainian government and the Ukrainian people,” Obama said. “We’re united in imposing a cost on Russia for its actions so far.”
A planned EU-Russia summit has been canceled, as the West seeks to increase Moscow’s isolation over its actions in Ukraine.
EU leaders imposed a new round of sanctions against 12 people last week, bringing the total number of people facing EU asset freezes and travel bans to 33.
The United States announced its own new round of sanctions against 20 people and a bank that U.S. officials say is linked to Putin and senior Russian officials. Washington had already announced sanctions on 11 people.