SAN DIEGO -- A young man accused of opening fire inside a Poway synagogue on the last day of Passover, killing a woman and wounding three other people, appeared in court for the first time Tuesday on murder, attempted murder, hate crime and weapons charges.
John T. Earnest pleaded not guilty in the brief arraignment and will appear back in court May 30. The judge said Earnest will continue to be held without bail.
He faces life without parole, plus 103 years to life in prison, District Attorney Summer Stephan said in a press conference held after the proceedings. "There is only one villain in this case," Stephan said. "But there are many heroes, and that is what defines us."
Stephan also shared that the weapon Earnest is accused of using in the shooting was purchased legally.
Earnest, 19, of Rancho Penasquitos, stood stone-faced during much of the brief court hearing and said little. The not-guilty plea was entered on his behalf by a public defender. The only word Earnest uttered was "yes," when asked if he agreed to a longer-than-usual delay before his next court hearing.
In addition to charges stemming from Saturday's shooting, Earnest is also charged with arson of a house of worship for allegedly trying to burn down an Escondido mosque on March 23. He allegedly took responsibility for setting a fire at the Islamic Center of Escondido in a nine-page manifesto posted online before Saturday's synagogue shooting.
The Poway shooting occurred exactly six months after a shooting rampage at a Pittsburgh synagogue, where 11 people were gunned down.
The hate crime allegations filed in connection with the attack at Chabad of Poway make Earnest eligible for the death penalty, should prosecutors decide to pursue it, though Gov. Gavin Newsom placed an indefinite moratorium on executions in March.
"On behalf of the members of the San Diego County District Attorney's Office, our hearts go out to the victims of the Chabad of Poway shooting," District Attorney Summer Stephan said earlier. "We offer our condolences for the loss of precious life and the violence that fell upon members of the Jewish congregation, gathered to celebrate the end of Passover.
"All of San Diego County law enforcement is working to investigate this crime," the county's top prosecutor said. "We do not tolerate attacks based on religion in San Diego County. Our specialized prosecutors and our victim advocates are working around the clock alongside Sheriff (Bill) Gore and partner agencies to ensure justice is carried out and that victims are provided support and know how to successfully navigate the criminal justice system."
The gunfire erupted at 11:20 a.m. Saturday as about 100 people were celebrating the eight-day Jewish festival of Passover. Lori Gilbert Kaye, 60, died at the scene, and the three surviving victims, Rabbi Yisroel Goldstein, 57, Almog Peretz, 34, and his 8-year-old niece, Noya Dahan, were treated at hospitals and have since been released.
Goldstein said Kaye, a longtime member of the congregation that he founded in 1986, was at the temple with her physician husband and daughter to honor her mother, who recently died. He told reporters on Sunday that Kaye "took the bullet for all of us."
Goldstein lost his right index finger in the shooting and underwent surgery as medical personnel worked to save another of his digits.
Peretz was shot in a leg while shepherding children to safety. His niece was struck by shrapnel in her face and leg.
The shooter's gun apparently malfunctioned sometime during the attack, according to San Diego County Sheriff Bill Gore. An off-duty Border Patrol agent working as a security guard was inside the temple when the shooting began, and he opened fire as the suspect fled, Gore said. The agent did not strike Earnest, but did hit the suspect's car, authorities said.
Police said Earnest called 911 a short time later and said he had been involved in the shooting. A San Diego police officer who had been en route to the synagogue spotted the suspect's vehicle and pulled him over nearby, San Diego Police Department Chief David Nisleit said. Earnest got out of his vehicle with his hands up, and was taken into custody without further incident, Nisleit said.
Though he allegedly shouted anti-Semitic slurs during the rampage, Earnest is not believed to be part of an organized hate group, according to law enforcement officials.
"We believe he acted alone and without outside support in carrying out the attack," a sheriff's department statement says.
In court Tuesday, a prosecutor said the entire shooting inside the synagogue was captured by surveillance cameras.
In the "open letter" that authorities allege he posted online shortly before the shooting, the author espouses flagrant anti-Semitic sentiments and a need to protect the "European race." He wrote that he spent four weeks planning the attack, citing his "disgust" for Jews and a desire to kill them, and expressed admiration for the Australian white nationalist who attacked two mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand, last month, killing 50 people.
The writer also claims responsibility for the March 23 fire set at the Dar-ul-Arqam Mosque, also known as Islamic Center of Escondido. The 3:15 a.m. fire was quickly extinguished by people inside the mosque. Graffiti left on the building made reference to the mosques attacks in Christchurch.
Earnest's family issued a statement Monday saying they were "shocked and deeply saddened by the terrible attack on the Chabad of Poway synagogue. But our sadness pales in comparison to the grief and anguish our son has caused for so many innocent people. He has killed and injured the faithful who were gathered in a sacred place on a sacred day. To our great shame, he is now part of the history of evil that has been perpetrated on Jewish people for centuries."
The family's statement said Earnest's apparent hateful attitudes had been "informed by people we do not know and ideas we do not hold."
"Like our other five children, he was raised in a family, a faith and a community that all rejected hate and taught that love must be the motive for everything we do," they stated. "How our son was attracted to such darkness is a terrifying mystery to us, though we are confident that law enforcement will uncover many details of the path that he took to this evil and despicable act."
Funeral services for Kaye were held at the congregation Monday afternoon. Goldstein told the overflow crowd attending the service the shooting would not keep the congregation down.
"What we are going to take from this event is (that) it's not going to knock us down," he said. "It's going to lift us up."